Cannabis might be ingested in a number of ways, but the most common route of administration is still via smoking or inhaling the drug. Cannabis items are usually smoked (with or without tobacco) either through a pipe or by means of a cigarette (sometimes called a ‘joint’). The pipes come in a vast array of sizes and forms but frequently have long stems or add a ‘hookah-type’ water filtration system (i.e., water pipe) and are referred to as a ‘bong’. When a water pipe is utilized, cannabis smoke is cooled by the water in an attempt to reduce its harshness and temperature, which can scald the throat (Booth, 2003).
Little studies have been conducted into the specific harms related to smoking cannabis by way of a water pipe or bong. Few studies examining cannabis use, besides those relating to the medical utilization of the drug, have differentiated involving the various methods of delivery (i.e., smoking via joints or water pipes, ingesting in food) and little is famous regarding distinct administration routes, their relationship to drug use patterns, and related harms.
Recently, there has been a resurgence in popularity in the usage of hookahs or ‘shisha’ to smoke shop near me, particularly flavoured tobacco products. The traditional Middle Eastern water pipe is now widely smoked across the world, particularly by students and adolescents. As a result of utilization of healthy-sounding fruit flavouring as well as the social way it is usually used (i.e., in restaurants and cafes), it is often regarded as a ‘safer’ substitute for cigarettes. Due to this recent popularity, we have seen an increasing amount of research conducted examining the harms associated with the aid of the shisha.
This bulletin will examine the foundation in the water pipe and whatever we know about the harms related to smoking cannabis by way of a bong, particularly in comparison with other routes of administration. Because the research is limited in this region, an examination of the existing evidence with regards to the harms related to water pipe cigarette smoking is included along with consideration of methods this info can be used in cannabis prevention activities.
Origins from the water pipe – Using water in a smoking apparatus is ancient, with Persian hookahs or ‘narghiles’ illustrative types of early smoking water pipes (Erickson, Jarvie & Miller, 1977). Within their 1997 US patent for an ‘improved smoking water pipe or bong’, the authors describe this process the following – “… smoke through the substance being combusted is directed via a tube discharging below the surface water in a potlike container before passing therefrom by way of a second tube for the mouth from the smoker.”
In which the water pipe actually originated is unclear, while there is increasing evidence to suggest that bongs were first used to smoke cannabis in Africa. Based on the archaeological evidence available at the time of writing, Phillips (1983) hypothesised that cannabis was smoked in water pipes in eastern and southern Africa before the development of tobacco. He thought that the invention in Ethiopia water pipe bowls, “definitely associated with the smoking of cannabis”, tends bqlsqo confirm speculation of the African origin of the water pipe. Others believe they originated in China or Persia, but in these cases the instruments were thought to be employed to smoke tobacco.
The word ‘bong’ is an adaptation of the Thai word baung, which identifies a cylindrical pipe or tube cut from bamboo. One of many earliest recorded uses in the word in the West is within the McFarland Thai-English Dictionary, published in 1944, which describes one of many meanings of ‘bong’ inside the Thai language as, “a bamboo water pipe for smoking kancha, tree, hashish, or the hemp-plant.” Erickson and colleagues (1977) believe that it must be this version which has probably influenced the style of the current devices that incorporate a “general cylindrical tubular construction”, with tubes of plastic along with other modern materials replacing the hollow bamboo stem which was used previously. Their description of methods this sort of water pipe works is just as follows:
“The oriental bong, further, provides method for using atmospheric air to dilute the smoke before inhalation, along with provided oxygen for your combustion producing the smoke. Thus, an aura admitting orifice has been provided venting the smoke chamber formed within the bamboo stem higher than the water in the bottom from the stem. The orifice is finger controllable, in order that air may at the desire from the smoker be either excluded or admitted straight to the smoke chamber to be able to dilute the smoke therein.”
A bong utilized to smoke cannabis is a lot like a conventional hookah in both construction and function, except it is almost always smaller and a lot more portable. The hole inside the stem described above, often referred to as the ‘carburator’, ‘shotty’ or just ‘hole’, is usually kept covered through the smoking process, then opened to allow the smoke to get drawn to the respiratory system so as to maximise the impact.